>A practical study showed that experienced divers with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.04 percent (the equivalent of two 12-ounce beers over one hour on an empty stomach for a 180-pound man) had significantly compromised ability to perform the skills necessary for diving safely. At lower BACs, situational awareness and inhibition may be lowered, leading a diver to take unsafe actions in the water. Impaired judgment and slow reaction time can compound a bad situation — a fact borne out by alcohol being involved in roughly 50 percent of traffic accidents by people of drinking age and associated with as many as 70 percent of deaths related to water recreation.
>Recent alcohol intake can potentially contribute to dehydration in divers, which can be a risk factor for decompression sickness. Breathing dry air, along with immersion and cold temperatures, can exacerbate preexisting dehydration. Alcohol may also enhance the effects of nitrogen narcosis, which when combined with elevated BAC and dehydration, can lead to otherwise preventable accidents.
>If boating is part of your dive trip, there are additional risk factors to consider. According to 2017 U.S. Coast Guard statistics, alcohol use is the fifth-highest contributing factor to boating accidents and the number-one contributing factor to deaths in those accidents. Not only does alcohol cause accidents, but intoxication combined with operator inattention, inexperience or machinery failure also makes the accidents much more likely to be fatal.
>While a drink with friends might be just the thing after a day of underwater exploration, don't forget that a relatively safe activity can quickly become much less so when mixing alcohol with diving.
>© Alert Diver — Q3 Summer 2018